Wärtsilä Built-UP Propellers

  • Built-up propellers are an attractive alternative for monobloc fixed pitch propellers
  • Underwater propeller blade installation and replacement allows uninterrupted vessel service (no dry-docking)
  • Reduced operating costs thanks to the highly efficient hydrodynamically optimised propeller blades
  • Streamlined hub design with minimised hub diameter/propeller diameter ratio
  • Easy transport and handling
  • Built-up propellers can be supplied in Bronze or Stainless Steel
  • The Wärtsilä OPTI Design propeller methodology takes into consideration the full-scale interaction between the propeller and hull, thereby ensuring optimised efficiency

    • The Wärtsilä Built-Up Propeller (BUP) is an attractive alternative for a monobloc propeller.
    • The easily (de)mountable blades and the possibility of under water (de)mounting enable the propeller blades to be replaced or repaired without interruption to the normal operating service.
    • The BUPs are supplied in stainless steel or bronze. Connection towards the propeller shaft is with a flange and fit bolts. Most BUPs are delivered with 4- and 5-blades propellers, but 6-bladed propellers can also be delivered on request. There are no propeller diameter or weight limits. The flush and compact hub design in combination with efficiency optimised propeller blades makes the BUP fit for applications where low fuel consumption is important.
    • Built-up propellers are typically installed on ice-breakers and offshore patrol vessels that operate in ice infested waters or operational areas with increased risk of propeller damage. Long interruptions of the vessel operating schedule are avoided due to the fast (under water) replacement of blades. Limited replacement time enables the vessel to maintain its schedule, which is beneficial for vessels with a fixed operating schedule such as cruise vessels and ferries.
    Wärtsilä BUP installed on a Ro-Pax Ferry
    Key benefits
    • Uninterrupted vessel service due to underwater blade (de)mounting
    • Easy transport and handling in case of propeller damage
    • Suitable for high loads and/or high ship speeds
    • Limited storage space required because of spare blades
    • On-board storage of spare blades is an option
    • Large size stainless steel fixed pitch propeller feasible
    • An alternative for propellers that suffer from frequent damage because of collisions
    • OPTI Design methodology can ensure optimum performance and minimum levels of noise and vibration 
    Technical Info
    • Built-up propellers are supplied in stainless steel or bronze and are delivered as standard with flange and fit bolts towards the propeller shaft. 4- and 5-blade propellers are the most common but 6-bladed propellers can also be supplied on request. There are no diameter or weight limits.
    • For additional fuel savings and efficient steering, it is possible to combine the built-up propeller with Wärtsilä’s Energopac propulsion and manoeuvring solution. Another option for increasing the vessel’s fuel efficiency is the efficient EnergoProFin hub cap.


    • MSC Poesia
      Delivered in 2008, the MSC Poesia, a cruise ship owned and operated by MSC Cruises, is equipped with Wärtsilä 38 engines. She was built at the Aker Yards shipyard in St. Nazaire, France, and is a sister ship to the MSC Musica, the MSC Orchestra, and the MSC Magnifica.

      MSC Poesia

    • Pourquoi Pas?
      The Pourquoi Pas ? was launched in 2005. The propulsion system is designed to eliminate underwater radiated noise whilst operating at certain speeds. The two Fixed Pitch Propellers are driven by four Wärtsilä 8L20 double elastically mounted generating sets producing 5,8 MW.

      Pourquoi Pas?

    • Viking Grace
      A new era in ferry operations was established in 2013 with the launch of the world’s largest Ro-Pax ferry operating on LNG fuel.

      This vessel features four Wärtsilä 50DF dual-fuel engines and a complete Wärtsilä LNGPac system that includes the storage tanks, the fuel supply system, and all equipment needed for bunkering and related safety and automation systems.

      Viking Grace

    © 2022 Wärtsilä